During an critical expedition underneath the Indian Ocean, scientists located six new species of the rarest marine creatures in the international dwelling in hydrothermal vents.
Researchers from the university of Southampton conducted a massive expedition to the southwestern Indian Ocean in November 2011, and that they located a treasure trove of marine variety.
“With the assist of a deep-diving remotely operated vehicle, the group explored a dense region the scale of a football field known as Longqi or Dragon’s Breath, some 1,200 miles of southeastern Madagascar and two miles deep below the sea.”
Apparently, Longqi possesses specific geological features called underwater hot springs or hydrothermal vents, as severe warmness get away from the Earth’s crust, therefore attracting rather numerous deep sea animals and organisms.
Those deep sea vents also create mineral formations that look like spires due to warmth known as “vent chimneys.” those towering chimneys can upward thrust up to 20 toes from the seafloor and can incorporate treasured deposits of copper or even gold. Now, the Longqi place has been granted a license for mineral exploration by means of the United countries’ international Seabed Authority.
within those incredibly heated seafloor chimneys lies the six new species together with the Hoff crab which might be also close relatives of the furry crabs located in Antarctic vents. two new species of snails including a new limpet and scale trojan horse species and also a deep sea bug species became additionally discovered.
“By means of studying this place of the Indian Ocean, scientists can be able to survey the biological diversity and specific ecosystems before mining surveys can start in this region.”
In keeping with the lead creator of the have a look at, Jon Copley of the college of Southampton, it is extraordinarily viable that those new species discovered may additionally stay elsewhere inside the southwestern Indian Ocean. but, greater studies is needed to become aware of their migration routes and origins together with their populations in Longqi and other areas.
Copley brought that those outcomes additionally spotlight the important want to similarly discover the hydrothermal vents in the Indian Ocean earlier than mineral exploration and deep sea mining activities can impact these specific marine ecosystems.
“This new examine become published within the magazine, Nature scientific reports.”